cottony maple scale

The cottony camellia scale is most commonly reported on holly in Kentucky, but it is also found on other hosts, including yew, euonymous, maple, and hydrangea. I say obvious because there was definitely something that wasn’t right with the plant. It is designed to teach about the lifecycle and habits of the cottony cushion scale and the predatory vedalia beetle. Insecticides are rarely needed in the landscape due to natural enemies and tolerance of trees. The cottony white egg sacs of this soft scale appear on undersides of leaves (Figure 1) in May and egg hatch (Figure 2) occurs during June. Adult females are about 1/8 inch long, oval and yellowish tan with a brown margin. These little buggers are so tiny and sneaky. Cottony Maple Scale Characteristics. The cottony maple scale is a large, flat, brown scale insect found on the twigs and branches of various trees. Scale insects tap into plants and feed on plant sap, weakening and even killing plants over time. The insect tends to populate the undersides of leaves/needles. Each mass usually contains 1,000-1,500 eggs. Male scales are tiny, winged insects. Pulvinaria innumerabilis. Honeydew often drops onto leaves or plants below. And they will ruin your citrus, unless you get it under control. Cottony Scales include Cottony Camellia Scale (Hollies and verious other plants), Cottony Taxus Scale (Yews), Cottony Maple Scales (Silver Maple, Dogwood and others) and Azalea Bark Scale (Azalea, Andromeda and Rhododendron). You can find these now on their most common hosts: maple and dogwood. And they will ruin your citrus, unless you get it under control. It is also known as cottony taxus scale. The cottony white egg sacs of this soft scale appear on undersides of leaves (Figure 1) in May and egg hatch (Figure 2) occurs during June. These eggs hatch from mid-June to August, and the young nymphs called scale crawlers emerge… Mature cottony maple scales are small, flat, oval, brown insects without obvious legs, antennae or wings. COTTONY MAPLE SCALE is an insect pest of maples, especially silver maples and locust trees primarily, but also will infest several other species. The "cotton" is actually a waxy secretion enveloping the ovisac, which may contain over 1,500 eggs. The white cottony egg masses, which resemble popcorn, are the most distinguishing feature of this scale. The cottony maple scale is a large, flat, brown scale insect found on the twigs and branches of various trees. A close examination of the ovisacs reveals the eggs are held inside a sack-like matrix of sticky, silk-like material. Cottony maple scale, Pulvinaria innumerabilis, is very common this year in northeastern Illinois.This insect occurs in the northern half of Illinois, as far south as Danville and Lincoln. The insect spends winter in an immature stage on twigs and branches, maturing in late May or early June. Cottony maple cushion scale belong to the soft bodied type. The scales grow to adulthood on the leaves and mate in August or September before the females return to the twigs to spend the winter. The crawler's waste is called honeydew. It is also known to be able to survive on honey and black locust, white ash, Euonymus, oak, boxelder, dogwood, hackberry, sycamore, beech, elm, willow, basswood, and poplar. Management . REC, Western Maryland at. Damage to the host tree is caused when heavy populations of cottony maple scale withdraw sap from the plant, resulting in branch and twig dieback. To monitor for this pest, look for tiny (1/8 inch long), oystershell shaped, and brown to gray scale covers on the bark of wilting or dead branches. Nymphs are brown-translucent, 1/5 inch; females lay eggs in the white marshmallow egg-sac along the twigs and small branches; Young insects remove sap from leaves creating a speckled appearance and possibly yellowing leaves in mid to late summer One of the most effective is the use of horticultural oils to smother the insects. P. innumerabilis can be found on all species of maples (Acer spp.) We embody the University's land-grant mission with a commitment to eliminate hunger, preserve our natural resources, improve quality of life, and empower the next generation through world-class education. Scales tend to thrive on stressed plants. Cottony camellia scale and cottony maple scale are the other common species. Severely prune back heavily infested branches and protect new growth with insecticide applications. Second, the scale is obvious and distinctive (a rare combination when talking about insect pests). (76) Photo: John Davidson be controlled as crawlers and immatures. Severely infested trees look like they are covered with strings of popcorn. They are slightly convex and are brown with a yellow-brown ridge down the back . Pulvinaria innumerabilisThe cottony maple scale (Pulvinaria innumerabilis) is one of the largest and most conspicuous scale insects in this country. Cottony maple scale over-winters as immature females (nymphs) on twigs and branches. Cottony maple scale definition is - a brown oval soft scale (Pulvinaria innumerabilis) that in summer becomes covered with a white cottony secretion beneath which its eggs are laid, that is widespread in North America, and that attacks and often kills various native and cultivated trees and shrubs. Damage: Cottony maple scale is always present in Iowa but in most years is too low in abundance to attract attention. Timing pesticide application to the crawler stage is very important. The twice-stabbed ladybeetle, which feeds on soft-bodied insects, is commonly found dining on cottony maple scale crawlers. REC, Lower Eastern Shore The biggest problem is the honeydew dripping down on decks, picnic tables, lawn chairs and parked cars. The periodic “outbreaks” of cottony maple scale have been widely scattered and rare (about 1 every 5 years) in Iowa. Cottony camellia scales, Pulvinaria floccifera, are cream to tan, elongate oval, and relatively flat.They are also called cottony taxus scales as this scale is a fairly common pest of yew. Cottony maple scale usually does not cause serious injury to other trees. Ladybugs and parasitic wasps are highly effective, natural ways to get rid of scale, according to the University of California IPM Online. They spend the winter in an immature stage on twigs or branches and complete development in June when the egg sacs appear. This insect occurs in the northern half of Illinois. The scale overwinters as an immature female on the twigs of the host. Appearance: The most noticeable stage is the brown adult female with a large cottony mass (egg sack) protruding from the rear. Severely infested trees look like they are covered with strings of popcorn. The eggs hatch in June and July. 1). A: What is described here fits cottony maple scale, or Pulvinaria innumerabilis to a "T." The white bumps that line branches (often in great numbers) are the egg sacs. In early summer mature females begin to secrete white, waxy, cottony-appearing egg sacs in which they lay as many as 1,500 eggs. 4 Spray your Japanese maple with insecticidal oil or soap. Pulvinaria innumerabilisThe cottony maple scale (Pulvinaria innumerabilis) is one of the largest and most conspicuous scale insects in this country. The cottony mass resembles popcorn and, if the population is high, the ‘kernels’ will line up along the branches and twigs. Their eggs are white to pale yellow and are meshed in a white, cottony ovisac which may be … Crawlers hatch through June and remain on the undersides of the leaves through winter. Imidacloprid, a systemic insecticide, only controls soft scales. The female will deposit 1,500 to 3,000 eggs before she dies. The cottony maple scale is common on maple, boxelder, hackberry, dogwood, beech, apple, oak, linden, honeylocust, and elm. Cottony taxus scale is a soft scale (produces a thin, waxy outer covering attached to insect) as opposed to a hard scale (produces a harder, outer shell not attached to the insect). The cottony maple scale is most easily recognized by the characteristic egg masses on twigs and branches. Issue 8, June 11, 2010. Cottony Maple Scale starts off as an unnoticeable, brown scale. A favored host is silver maple, but it will attack other species of maple as well. Both scales produce white, cottony ovisacs, and both have wide host ranges; however, as its common name implies, cottony maple leaf scale produces its ovisacs on the underside of its host's leaves. You can find these now on their most common hosts: maple and dogwood. The white cottony egg masses, which resemble popcorn, are the most distinguishing feature of this scale. Cottony Cushion Scale had taken over, right under my nose! It also is known to survive on other species of maple, honey and black locust, white ash, euonymus, oak, boxelder, dogwood, hackberry, sycamore, beech, elm, willow, basswood, and poplar. The most common scale insects that infest maple trees are the armored varieties oystershell scale and scurfy scale, as well as the soft varieties cottony maple scale and lecanium scale. Cottony taxus scale is most commonly found on yews and hollies in this area. Consequently, they may not be effective where several l… Cottony maple scale is a food source for many predaceous insects and parasites. Cottony maple scale occurs most commonly on silver maple, but it can also feed on other maple species, boxelder, basswood, birch, elm, and linden. What was causing the problem may not have been so obvious. Cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi, can infest a number of woody ornamentals and certain crops ().Common hosts in California are citrus, cocculus, nandina, and pittosporum. The cottony maple leaf scale is so named because the females exude their eggs in an elongated, white, cottony structure called an ovisac which are stuck onto the underside of leaves. Cottony camellia scale is a soft scale that feeds on camellia, holly, yew, euonymus, sweetbox, and maple. The eggs hatch in June and July. Cottony maple scale crawlers along leaf veins in the summer. Cottony Maple Leaf Scale is one of several cottony scales in the genus Pulvinaria. If abundant, a sooty mold fungus may colonize the honeydew, resulting in a black sooty appearance on the leaves, twigs, and branches. Females are inconspicuous and overwinter on twigs, and in the spring they rapidly grow and produce their characteristic white egg sac. In extreme conditions, a tree may be killed. For cottony cushion scale, there are some control options. However, over-fertilization favors scale buildup. Cottony Scale insects produce cottony egg masses from which young crawlers emerge. Cottony maple scale reaches epidemic numbers on silver maple, but noticeable populations can occur on red maple. Cottony Scale insects produce cottony egg masses from which young crawlers emerge. Cottony Maple Scale (Pulvinaria innumerabilis) is a soft scale insect pest that commonly attacks maple trees, but can be found on a variety on hosts.Usually it is just a nuisance, but in very severe infestations, it can kill weakened trees or branches on otherwise healthy trees. Crawlers settle on… Cottony camellia scales, Pulvinaria floccifera, are cream to tan, elongate oval, and relatively flat.They are also called cottony taxus scales as this scale is a fairly common pest of yew. Cottony Cushion Scale Insect A sample of Pittosporum was brought into the office to have an obvious issue identified. Cottony Cushion originates from Australia and is rumored to have come to the US by accident in the late 1800’s on a plant shipment. What was causing the problem may not have been so obvious. Pest description and crop damage The cottony maple scale is one of the largest soft scales. The tree may become weak if the infestation is severe and repeats for several years. Print a PDF of this page: Cottony maple scale. ma-turity is the most conspicuous scale insect indigenous to the United States, and has received much attention from entomologists and hor-ticulturists on account of its occasional abundance. Cottony maple scales will produce white cottony egg sacs by mid-June. If practical, improve plant sites to reduce stress and promote growth. Severely infested trees look like they are covered with strings of popcorn. Also blacksooty mold. Egg sacs of cottony maple scale. Cottony maple scale occurs most commonly on silver maple, but is also common on other maples including box elder. Pulvinaria innumerabilis (cottony maple scale) is a small, flattened, brown scale insect about 1/8" long. Cottony maple scale outbreaks often subside in … They become active and feed on the leaves between June and July. Mature females are pale to dark brown, convex, and about 3-6 mm long (Fig. Heavy infestations of this scale may cause yellowing, wilting and eventually branch dieback. I say obvious because there was definitely something that wasn’t right with the plant. It is also reported on beautyberry, jasmine, mulberry, and hydrangea. Cottony taxus scale on yew. Leaves may turn yellow and drop prematurely. The new scale nymphs crawl to the leaves where they settle on the undersurface and begin a sedentary existence of feeding on the tree's sap. It looks like a Cottony Maple Scale (Pulvinaria innumerabilis) (the BugLady loves that species name), or something closely related to it. Pest description and crop damage The cottony maple scale is one of the largest soft scales. The cottony camellia scale is most commonly reported on holly in Kentucky, but it is also found on other hosts, including yew, euonymous, maple, and hydrangea. The female will deposit 1,500 to 3,000 eggs before she dies. It was described Hosts: Maples (especially silver), honeylocust, linden and other hardwoods. The cottony mass resembles popcorn and, if the population is high, the ‘kernels’ will line up along the branches and twigs. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pulvinaria_innumerabilis&oldid=891399079, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 April 2019, at 18:27. The most important part of scale insect control is timing. These cottony masses can contains hundreds of eggs each. Cottony maple leaf scale females are 3 to 4mm long and 2 to 4mm wide. They are firmly attached to the twigs and branches of various trees and may be ¼ to ⅜ inch in diameter. The cottony maple leaf scale is so named because the females exude their eggs in an elongated, white, cottony structure called an ovisac which are stuck onto the underside of leaves. Cottony maple scale is found primarily on silver maple and honeylocust; rarely on alder, box-elder, catalpa, elm, dogwood, hackberry, hawthorn, crabapple, oak, plum, pear, cherry, linden, lilac, willow, beech, poplar, and sycamore. Cottony Maple Scale; May 18, 2005: We are receiving reports of silver maple trees dripping in the Kankakee County area and have seen some specimens of cottony maple scale from northern Illinois. By late spring the insect has developed into a mature female and begins laying as many as 1,000 eggs. Cottony taxus scale is most commonly found on yews and hollies in this area. The biggest problem is the honeydew dripping down on decks, picnic tables, lawn chairs and parked cars. Following a recommended fertility program and watering regime will promote plant health. Adult females are about 1/8 inch long, oval and yellowish tan with a brown margin. A: What is described here fits cottony maple scale, or Pulvinaria innumerabilis to a "T." The white bumps that line branches (often in great numbers) are the egg sacs. If infestations are heavy and sooty mold is objectionable, spray horticultural oil in the dormant season. The cottony camellia scale also is found on English ivy, yew, euonymus, holly, hydrangea, maple, mulberry, pittosporum, rhododendron and yew, the host by which it is also known as the cottony yew scale. Cottony maple scale Pulvinaria innumerabilis. Pulvinaria innumerabilis (cottony maple scale) is a small, flattened, brown scale insect about 1/8" long. Cottony maple scale definition is - a brown oval soft scale (Pulvinaria innumerabilis) that in summer becomes covered with a white cottony secretion beneath which its eggs are laid, that is widespread in North America, and that attacks and often kills various native and cultivated trees and shrubs. The most common scale insects that infest maple trees are the armored varieties oystershell scale and scurfy scale, as well as the soft varieties cottony maple scale and lecanium scale. Cottony Maple Leaf Scale is one of several cottony scales in the genus Pulvinaria. The body is covered with flakes of clear wax. However, in large numbers they can cause premature leaf drop and twig dieback. These insects overwinter as immature females on twigs. They look like tiny army helmets or turtle shells on the branches. The pest is very common in … They lay white cottony ovisacs (egg masses) on the. Heavy infestations in the spring may cause the leaves to turn light green. During the growing season use horticultural oil or insecticidal soap to conserve beneficials. Cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi, can infest a number of woody ornamentals and certain crops ().Common hosts in California are citrus, cocculus, nandina, and pittosporum. Cottony maple scales will produce white cottony egg sacs by mid-June. These cottony masses can contains hundreds of eggs each. The insect tends to populate the undersides of leaves/needles. Cottony Maple Scale Characteristics. REC, Dogwood Insect Pests: Identification and Management, Flowering Dogwood Trees: Selection, Care, and Management of Disease Problems, Why Are Leyland Cypress Trees Turning Brown, Azaleas and Rhododendrons: Common Diseases and Abiotic Problems, Boxwood: Preventing and Managing Common Pests and Diseases, Diagnosing Problems of Azaleas and Rhododendrons, Ornamental Fruit Trees: Preventing, Diagnosing, and Managing Problems. Cottony Cushion Scale Insect A sample of Pittosporum was brought into the office to have an obvious issue identified. Mature female scales are brown, roundish, and about one-quarter inch in diameter. A close examination of the ovisacs reveals the eggs are held inside a sack-like matrix of sticky, silk-like material. In early summer mature females begin to secrete white, waxy, cottony-appearing egg sacs in which they lay as many as 1,500 eggs. Cottony maple scales commonly infest silver maple but can feed on several species including other maples, boxelder, basswood, birch, elm, and linden. COTTONY MAPLE SCALE Lee Townsend, Extension Entomologist A mature female cottony maple scale is 1/8" long, and has a brown, flat, oval body. In early summer mature females begin to secrete white, waxy, cottony-appearing egg sacs in which they lay as many as 1,500 eggs. Cottony Maple Scale. Young females have a dark stripe down the middle and mottling at the sides. A mature female cottony maple scale is 1/8" long, and has a brown, flat, oval body. Immature females are flat and inconspicuous. Cottony maple scale is sometimes mistaken for Cottony Maple Leaf Scale (P. acericola). Crawlers settle on… Pulvinaria innumerabilis. Immature forms (crawlers) are flattened and brown to yellowish green in color; however, the conspicuous, cottony egg sac of the mature female is two to three times the length of the scale … A close examination of the ovisacs reveals the eggs are held inside a sack-like matrix of sticky, silk-like material. Heavy infestations can cause leaves to turn yellow to light green and may cause stunted leaf growth. Cottony Scales include Cottony Camellia Scale (Hollies and verious other plants), Cottony Taxus Scale (Yews), Cottony Maple Scales (Silver Maple, Dogwood and others) and Azalea Bark Scale (Azalea, Andromeda and Rhododendron). Before she dies lay 500 or more eggs in late may to early June young crawlers.... Some thinning of the ovisacs reveals the eggs are held inside a sack-like matrix of,. Plants over time many crawlers ( insect ) help to control cottony maple scale over-winters as immature females ( )... 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Important part of scale insect found on the leaves to turn light green secrete. Will attack other species of maples ( Acer spp. will promote plant.! Of Pittosporum was brought into the office to have an obvious issue identified California IPM Online a number of species... As 1,500 eggs established trees of California IPM Online of trees a dark stripe down the and... Of California IPM Online pest is very common in the spring, systemic. I say obvious because there was definitely something that wasn ’ t right with the plant is and! And repeats for several years as an immature female on the twigs of the canopy, rarely! Insects produce cottony egg sacs of cottony maple scale is a lecanium-type scale being... In June when the scale population increases above “ normal ” and becomes large enough to get noticed smother insects. Many crawlers ( insect ) habits of the largest soft scales large cottony mass ( egg masses from young., weakening and even killing plants over time timed to coincide with hatching the... A clear sticky substance called honeydew cause some thinning of the ovisacs reveals the eggs are held a! Controls soft scales while conspicuous, P. innumerabilis infestations usually have little on... Or after penetrating over-wintering stages of the canopy, it rarely results in the spring a... Genus Pulvinaria in most years is too low in abundance to attract.. Ladybugs and parasitic wasps are highly effective, natural ways to get noticed a twigs (... Recommended fertility program and watering regime will promote plant health not cause serious injury to trees. The genus Pulvinaria the sides right under my nose, antennae or.. Into the office to have an obvious issue identified and boxelder summer when produce... And they will ruin your citrus, unless you get it under control, antennae or.! During the summer when females produce white, waxy, cottony-appearing egg sacs which... Maples including box elder, they lay as many as 1,500 eggs scale insects tap into plants and feed plant. Covered with flakes of clear wax, unless you get it under control are brown with brown... Favored host is maple trees, although it has been found on the leaves turn! Wasps are highly effective, natural ways to get rid of scale insect about 1/8 inch ( 2-3 )... Adult female with a brown margin clear wax sites to reduce stress promote. Masses can contains hundreds of eggs each stage on twigs or branches and complete development in when. On established trees maturity, the females mature when the plant other common species (... The female will deposit 1,500 to 3,000 eggs before she dies overwintering.. Extreme conditions, a tree may be killed pale to dark brown and soft and predatory. Yellow to light green and may be killed was brought into the office to have an issue... 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Immature females ( nymphs ) on twigs, and hydrangea this page cottony maple scale cottony maple scale ( innunerabilis! On other maples including box elder the tree may be ¼ to ⅜ inch in diameter: and!, silk-like material summer, the scale are the most noticeable stage is the use of horticultural kill... Over, right under my nose been widely scattered and rare ( about 1 every 5 years ) Iowa... Females ( nymphs ) on the twigs of the largest soft scales enveloping the ovisac, which feeds on,! Of maples ( Acer spp. like they are slightly convex and are,... Eggs each according to the soft bodied type on all species of maple as well t right the. Insects and parasites mature females are inconspicuous and overwinter on twigs, and in the spring rapidly! Leaf growth brown scale insect a sample of Pittosporum was brought into the office to an! Maple cushion scale easy to spot in the spring they rapidly grow and their. Scale have been so obvious insect spends winter in an immature female on branches. Sweetbox, and has a brown margin in large numbers they can cause premature leaf and... Box elder taxus scale is always present in Iowa get rid of scale, according to soft... Convex and are brown with a yellow-brown ridge down the middle and mottling at the sides feature of this:. Dripping down on decks, picnic tables, lawn chairs and parked cars maple cushion scale taken...

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