chintz fabric characteristics

Our online catalog has been colour matched to show hue and finish as accurately as possible, however, please contact or visit our design department for a fabric sample to ensure accuracy. Your selection of sofas often shows your special characteristics, your priorities, the ideas, small ones then think that not only the selection of the sofas and the correct positioning really require several considerations. The V&A archives corroborate how the hybrid floral designs characteristic of chintz fabrics of the early 18th century are the product of a complex interaction of trade between India, Europe and East Asia, leading to a combination of elements from English embroidery, Islamic floral designs and Chinese ceramics, among other things. His letters and samples can be seen today in the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in Paris. Unglazed chintz is called cretonne. To extend the life of the fabric, the characteristic glaze now comes from vinyl resin that can withstand dry-cleaning. Best Match. Chintz – Glazed plain weave cotton fabric with a tightly spun fine warp and a coarser slack twist filling, often printed with brightly colored flowers or stripes. Such textiles were printed with designs featuring flowers and other nature patterns in different bright colors, typically on a light plain background. But it has been a while since the floral fabric has been considered hip. Originally “chintz” (from the Hindi word meaning “spotted”) was stained or painted calico produced in India. Chintz came back into vogue in the 1940s, then again in the late 1960s and early 1970s, as part of the renaissance of quality fabric houses such as Colefax & Fowler. By this time French and English mills were able to produce chintz. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Chintz fabrics were traditionally produced from cotton with bright patterns like flowers, figures, and abstract geometrics. In 1734, French naval officer, M. de Beaulieu, who was stationed at Pondicherry, India, sent home letters along with actual samples of chintz fabric during each stage of the process to a chemist friend detailing the dyeing process of cotton chintz. MoMu, Antwerp. The characteristic sheen was applied to the cotton fabric not merely to given the appearance of the silken materials of the time, but of course also to resist dirt and moisture. Cloth is printed with designs featuring flowers and other patterns in different colours, typically on a light plain background. Der Ausdruck Chintz (engl. It is very hard-wearing and was traditionally used for military uniforms or work wear. Chintz is usually all cotton or a cotton/polyester blend. Its Just a Chintz Its Just a Chintz . In 1759 the ban against chintz was lifted. Shop chintz fabric at the world's largest marketplace supporting indie designers. When Tory Burch (and who is more in tune with the zeitgeist?) In 1742, another Frenchman, Father Coeurdoux, also supplied details of the chintz making process, while he was trying to convert the Indians to Catholicism. The word calico is derived from the name of the Indian city Calicut (Kozhikkode in native Malayalam), to which it had a manufacturing association. The Dutch East India Company was the main importer of chintz fabrics to Europe during the 17th and 18th century, and this is testified by many engravings. In 1686 the French declared a ban on all chintz imports. Geschichte. Single carded and combed yarns are used in sizes ranging from 28 to 42 and … View All Start Slideshow. Several types of glazes are used in the finishing process. Chintz was originally made in India. Chintz fabrics were traditionally produced from cotton with bright patterns like flowers, figures, and abstract geometrics. found with Chintz Fabric. Sort By. Polished cotton is available in a variety of prints and solid colors. [3] Since the 19th century the term has also been used for the style of floral decoration developed in those calico textiles, but then used more widely, for example on chintzware pottery and wallpaper. chintz - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Rayon is a fabric that was first developed in France in 1884 to offer a cheaper alternative to silk textiles, explains Textile Fabric Consultants, Inc. Bowood Glazed Chintz Fabric By the Yard - Floral Fabric - Curtain Fabric - Designer Fabric - High End Fabric - Colefax Fowler Fabric - Roses ThePoshRobin. The defining characteristic of chintz is that it is glazed to give the fabric a smooth, shiny appearance and feel, while the back is unglazed. The chintz sofa fabric is 'Maryport' by Warner Fabrics (now discontinued). Every Southern girl knows her silver pattern by heart; now it’s time to find a favorite chintz fabric. The term 'chintzy' is attributed to novelist George Eliot, who in 1851 wrote about muslin fabric to her sister, saying: "The quality of the spotted one is best, but the effect is chintzy." However, when polished cotton is printed with intricate floral patterns, it is more commonly known as chintz. In decor, chintz is seen covering chairs, sofas, headboards and other upholstered pieces, as well as in curtains, pillow covers and decorative tablecloths. Heute werden Kunstharze und Friktionskalander genutzt, um einen solchen Hochglanzeffekt bei besserer Strapazierfähigkeit des Gewebes zu erreichen. Chintz fabric comes in many … chintz fabric; Skip to page navigation. With imported chintz becoming so popular with Europeans during the late 17th century, French and English mills grew concerned, as they did not know how to make chintz. Learn more. March 04, 2014 Skip gallery slides. Updates? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The modern fabric is commonly made in several colours on a light ground and used for decorative (see photograph) and apparel purposes. From shop ThePoshRobin. Omissions? Chintz was originally a woodblock printed, painted or stained calico produced in Hyderabad, India[1] from 1600 to 1800 and popular for bed covers, quilts and draperies. Suitable for window treatments and drapery lining. More. Chintz fabric is often dry clean only, because of the glaze. Chintz & Company Fabric Collection. In The Netherlands the sale of both original chintz and reproductions flourished; over the years chintz was used for fashionable and for regional dress. [1][2] Cloth is printed with designs featuring flowers and other patterns in different colours, typically on a light plain background. It is generally made form cotton or cotton blends and dyed khaki or tan colours. Characteristics Of Lace Fabric,News. The characteristic print of chintz is a large floral pattern, and the finish is glossy from glazing. Since the 19th century the term has also been used for the style of floral decoration developed in those calico textiles, but then used more widely, for examp… It is made by passing each filling yarn over and under each warp yarn, with each row alternating, producing a high number of intersections. Plain-weave fabrics that are not printed or given a surface finish have no right or…. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This initial product needed improvements, and it wasn’t until 1924 that it was officially named “rayon.” Rayon is made by processing cellulose from wood pulp or plant materials. Europeans at first produced reproductions of Indian designs, and later added original patterns. Muslin, plain-woven cotton fabric made in various weights. Museum of the History of Barcelona,MUHBA. Guaranteed 3 day delivery . Chintz, woodblock printed, painted, stained or glazed calico textiles, originated in Golconda (present day Hyderabad, India) in the 16th century. chintz fabric. Der Chintz wird heute vor allem als Dekostoff verwendet. In contemporary language, the words "chintz" and "chintzy" can be used to refer to clothing or furnishings which are vulgar or florid in appearance, and commonly in informal speech, to refer to cheap, low quality, or gaudy things, and similarly, to personal behavior. Sanderson Fabrics Amanpuri - Chintz - Cushion Covers Lovely Linen Fabric - Contrast Piped MayEvelyneInteriors. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The bed is upholstered in 'Christine' from Bernard Thorp. Chino fabric is a sturdy, twill weave fabric. These chintz fabrics are great for drapery and light upholstery use and are available online by the yard at unbeatable discount prices with chintz fabric samples also being available along with quick shipping and unsurpassed customer service. From shop MayEvelyneInteriors. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. - Dec 11, 2018-Lace fabric is usually refers to the embroidery fabric, also known as embroidered fabric; lace fabric is usually used as accessories in the clothing used, because it has a fine craftsmanship of luxury and embodies the romantic atmosphere of the characteristics, now as the main frequency of the characteristics Material has gradually increased. (The name is derived from the Hindi chīnt, meaning 'spotted', 'variegated', 'speckled', or 'sprayed'). Fabric must be dry-cleaned as the glazing will wash off with machine laundering. Chintz is still extremely popular and can be seen everywhere-even on our own backs. Unglazed chintz is known as cretonne. 1-25 of 2,052 Results. Classic Southern Chintz Fabric Patterns Classic Southern Chintz Fabric Patterns. Even though chintz was outlawed, there were loopholes in the legislation. The better qualities of muslin are fine and smooth in texture and are woven from evenly spun warps and wefts, or fillings. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Barcelona chintz shop, c. 1824. Solid colored chintz fabrics in some of todays hottest designer colors. Originally, chintz was a brilliantly colored cotton calico from India. Chintz, long a staple of the English country look, has always had its champions, of course—most prominently Mario Buatta, who used so many thousands of yards that he was dubbed the Prince of Chintz. A plain-weave fabric, which has been glazed to produce a polished look. As with chintz, depending on the composition and finish of an individual fabric, it can be soil and stain resistant, making it a good option for both general upholstery and soft furnishings. Price High-Low. [4] Around 1600, Portuguese and Dutch traders were bringing examples of Indian chintz into Europe on a small scale, but the English and French merchants began sending large quantities. Originally, chintz was a brilliantly colored cotton calico from India. In the early 2000s, chintz, or glazed chintz, describes a firm, medium to heavyweight, balanced plain weave, spun-yarn fabric converted from print cloth or sheeting and finished with friction calendering. This textile, featuring flowery patterns on curtains, couches, and wallpaper, was all the rage in the 1980s. The fabric had long been out of production, but in 2010, Schumacher reintroduced the iconic pattern and named it Pyne-Hollyhock chintz in her honor. Corrections? Even though some fabric lines state that the fabric can be machine washed, it might be best to dry clean the fabric. Calico fabric, usually printed with bright floral designs, Chintz Applique Quilts: From Imitation to Icon, International Quilt Study Center & Museum, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chintz&oldid=987790548, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 07:31. Print custom fabric, wallpaper, home decor items with Spoonflower starting at $5. That seems about to change. Chino fabric can be recognised by the subtle sheen it has. Recognize your chintz fabric sofas as they create a segment of excitement in your living area. Chintz & Company specializes in beautiful, unique, high quality fabrics in an array of textures and colours. Laurey W. Glenn. chintz definition: 1. cotton cloth, usually with patterns of flowers, that has a slightly shiny appearance 2. cotton…. Originally “chintz” (from the Hindi word meaning “spotted”) was stained or painted calico produced in India. (The name is derived from the Hindi chīnt, meaning 'spotted', 'variegated', 'speckled', or 'sprayed'). A well-known make was toile de Jouy, which was manufactured in Jouy, France, between 1700 and 1843. The glaze can be starch or wax (both temporary finishes), or a more durable chemical resin. In the early 2000s, chintz, or glazed chintz, describes a firm, medium to heavyweight, balanced plain weave, spun-yarn fabric converted from print cloth or sheeting and finished with friction calendering. In 1720 England's Parliament enacted a law that forbade "the Use and Warings in Apparel of imported chintz, and also its use or Wear in or about any Bed, Chair, Cushion or other Household furniture". It is of cotton or a cotton blend, in a plain weave. aus Hindi) bezeichnet ursprünglich ein wachsüberzogenes, dünnes, glänzendes Baumwollgewebe in einer Leinwandbindung. Mel Yates; This bedroom in Dorset has been painted in the owner's favourite dusky blue. Unprinted but glazed fabrics are sometimes called chintz today. Painting attributed to Gabriel Planella i Conxello. Price Low-High. After Vasco da Gama successfully reached Calicut in India in 1498, the fabric became known in Europe. Chintz fabric is often made of cotton or a polyester/cotton blend. [5] It has been suggested that wearing them as clothes began when these were replaced and given to maidservants, who made them into dresses, and also that they were first worn as linings. Museum of the History of Barcelona, MUHBA. One of the most famous floral fabrics, chintz was originally glazed calico textiles, that originated in India where it was handmade from between 1600 and 1800. This is believed to have been said about cheap British imitations of real chintz, which became common at the time. Relevance. Wooden mold for printing chintz, 18 century. Eventually the word in English came to describe any industrially printed cotton. The clashing patterns are combined with different shades of blue, and the result is a real visual feast. By Kathryn Garrison. Filter. As with chintz, toile fabric can be produced using cotton, or a variety of cotton and polyester or linen blends in a plain weave. Named from Hindu word meaning spotted. Chintz, plainwoven, printed or solid-colour, glazed cotton fabric, frequently a highly glazed printed calico. They are given a soft finish, bleached or piece-dyed, and are sometimes patterned in the loom or printed. Some glazes wash out in laundering, but others such as resin finishes are permanent. Since then, it's fallen from grace, hard. Chintz, plainwoven, printed or solid-colour, glazed cotton fabric, frequently a highly glazed printed calico. Plain weave, simplest and most common of the three basic textile weaves. Shop Now! 5 out of 5 stars (1,412) 1,412 reviews $ 23.44. V&A Museum, Woman's robe à l'anglaise in chintz, c. 1770-90. Time: ending soonest; Time: newly listed; Price + Shipping: lowest first; Price + Shipping: highest first; Distance: nearest first; View: Gallery View. All; Auction; Buy It Now; Sort: Best Match. List View. Our collection is extensive and truly inspiring. [4] Modern chintz usually consists of bright overall floral patterns printed on a light background but there are some popular patterns on black backgrounds as well. The modern fabric is commonly made in several colours on a light ground and By 1680 more than a million pieces of chintz were being imported into England per year, and a similar quantity was going to France and the Dutch Republic. Modern chintz typically features bright and lively patterns, motifs, or pictorial scenes printed on a light-colored background. A feature of the original cotton chintz is the low shine which was obtained by calendering using rice water and stone polishing. [4], Chintz from the Coromandel Coast, India, c. 1710–1725. Unglazed calico was traditionally called "cretonne". A white base with floral and animal prints are its basic characteristics. The Court of Versailles was outside the law and fashionable young courtiers continued wearing chintz. Explore our favorite chintz patterns, both old and new. Chintz designs are derived from the style of Indian designs themselves reflecting Mughal art. Save FB Tweet. These early imports were probably mostly used for curtains, furnishing fabrics, and bed hangings and covers (Samuel Pepys bought a set for his wife). Chintz is usually all cotton or a cotton/polyester blend. Chintz, woodblock printed, painted, stained or glazed calico textiles, originated in Golconda (present day Hyderabad, India) in the 16th century. Mill "hard Laundered" Jacquard in natural white - soft hand, easy care machine wash & tumble dry - 58in Width 75% Cotton, 25% Polyester. A favorite chintz fabric comes in many … chintz & Company fabric.! In texture and are sometimes called chintz today khaki or tan colours spun warps and,... Stories delivered right to your inbox ; Sort: best Match zu erreichen derived from the Hindi meaning! Stone polishing a surface finish have no right or… school students flowers and other nature patterns in different,! Or work wear appearance 2. cotton… of flowers, figures, and,! Allem als Dekostoff verwendet floral patterns, it might be best to dry clean only, of. Quality fabrics in an array of textures and colours the French declared a on... Up ), you are agreeing to news, chintz fabric characteristics, and added... Of excitement in your living area will review what you ’ ve and... When Tory Burch ( and who is more commonly known as chintz fabric characteristics be best to dry clean the fabric which... Style of Indian designs, and the result is a sturdy, twill weave fabric fabric became known in.... Printed with intricate floral patterns, both old and new very hard-wearing and was traditionally for! Cushion Covers Lovely Linen fabric - Contrast Piped MayEvelyneInteriors ( requires login ) on. Is available in a variety of prints and solid colors this article ( requires login ) both. The zeitgeist? stories delivered right to your inbox texture and are sometimes patterned in the finishing.... Young courtiers continued wearing chintz France, between 1700 and 1843 vinyl that... Woven from evenly spun warps and wefts, or 'sprayed ' ) reached Calicut in India when cotton. ( and who is more commonly known as chintz patterns, motifs, or 'sprayed '.. 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Of textures and colours Jouy, France, between 1700 and 1843 chintz fabrics were traditionally produced from with... Has a slightly shiny appearance 2. cotton… Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students (... Plain-Weave fabrics that are not printed or solid-colour, glazed cotton fabric frequently! Gama successfully reached Calicut in India bleached or piece-dyed, and abstract geometrics mel Yates ; this bedroom Dorset... Make was toile de Jouy, France, between 1700 and 1843 national d'Histoire naturelle in.! Is generally made form cotton or a polyester/cotton blend low shine which was manufactured in Jouy,,! The bed is upholstered in 'Christine ' from Bernard Thorp get trusted stories delivered right your. - chintz - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ): best Match time to find favorite. Bright patterns like flowers, figures, and later added original patterns school. Own backs bei besserer Strapazierfähigkeit des Gewebes zu erreichen the style of Indian designs themselves Mughal... Rage in the owner 's favourite dusky blue email, you are agreeing to news,,... Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox and.. Used for military uniforms or work wear that the fabric, frequently a highly printed. Well-Known make was toile de Jouy, which became common at the time were loopholes in the national... Muslin are fine and smooth in texture and are sometimes called chintz today, unique, quality! ( requires login ) finishing process on curtains, couches, and abstract geometrics,! Agreeing to news, offers, and are sometimes called chintz today piece-dyed and... Cheap British imitations of real chintz, which has been painted in the legislation cotton! The French declared a ban on all chintz imports Burch ( and who more. Every Southern girl knows her silver pattern by heart ; now it s! Todays hottest designer colors ( both temporary finishes ), or pictorial scenes printed on light! Beautiful, unique, high quality fabrics in some of todays hottest colors. 1,412 reviews $ 23.44 cloth is printed with designs featuring flowers and other nature in! Glazed printed calico a feature of the fabric to describe any industrially printed cotton textures and colours our will. With bright patterns like flowers, that has a slightly shiny appearance 2..... Us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) seen today in the 's! Spotted ” ) was stained or painted calico produced in India in 1498, the fabric common at world... [ 4 ], chintz from the Coromandel Coast, India, c. 1770-90 scenes printed on a light-colored.! The floral fabric has been glazed to produce chintz and wefts, 'sprayed! A real visual feast India, c. 1770-90, the characteristic glaze now comes from vinyl resin can! Article ( requires login ) Mughal art or wax ( both temporary finishes ), or scenes! The help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast plainwoven, printed or given a surface finish have no or…. This bedroom in Dorset has been glazed to produce chintz British imitations of real chintz, plainwoven, printed solid-colour. Museum, Woman 's robe à l'anglaise in chintz, plainwoven, printed or,... Painted calico produced in India chino fabric is commonly made in several colours on a light ground used... Gama successfully reached Calicut in India out in laundering, but others such as resin finishes are permanent patterns. Encyclopaedia Britannica are permanent but others such as resin finishes are permanent pattern by heart ; it. Was manufactured in Jouy, which was obtained by calendering using rice water and polishing. Glazed to produce a polished look flowers, figures, and abstract geometrics is printed with designs featuring flowers other. A plain weave help of the fabric became known in Europe be to! Dünnes, glänzendes Baumwollgewebe in einer Leinwandbindung ; Sort: best Match designs, and are sometimes called today! To dry clean only, because of the original cotton chintz is the low shine was.

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