big leaf maple tree

The best quality trees and stands in nature appear to be of seedling origin. They offer a great variety of form, size, and foliage; many display striking autumn colour. Control of competing vegetation should improve on the low rates of establishment and slow growth observed for maple in the presence of dense understory vegetation. The sapwood is reddish-white, sometimes with a grayish cast; the heartwood is light pinkish-brown. Bigleaf maple is a medium-sized (<30 m tall), deciduous, broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a broad, rounded crown, often curved stem (in the open, the stem soon divides into a few large spreading and ascending branches), and grayish-brown bark which is shallowly furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. Bigleaf maple does not seem to require high soil fertility, based on its competitive success over a range of soil nutrient conditions. A dense canopy of bigleaf maple will also suppress competing understory vegetation, reducing the need for other vegetation management treatments. At maturity, they can grow to about 100 feet tall with a spread of about 50 feet. Bigleaf maple is … Add to My Plant List; Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is a large deciduous tree. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/acemac/all.html When properly seasoned, the wood is relatively stable and is not apt to split or surface check in use. Bigleaf maple also supports abundant epiphytic growth on branches and boles in moist climates. Symptomatic bigleaf maple with thinning crown next to a bigleaf maple that died in 2015. Maple Tree Pictures 1 - Maple Tree Pictures 2 Maple Tree Leaf Maple Trees Fall Maple Trees Maple Tree Reflection Maple Trees Leaves Maple Sugar Trees Maple Tree Path Maple Tree Bark Maple Tree Leaves On Ice Maple Tree Roots. The most prevalent drying defects are end checks and collapse, or mold growth that causes stained wood. There have been very few efforts to plant bigleaf maple in the wild. Dry seeds that have been stored for sowing in spring (or the following fall) require cold-wet stratification for 60 to 90 days prior to sowing. For best success, plant the seedlings in an open, sunny or partially shaded area. Maple is considered to be a soil-building species; leaves and litter contain relatively high concentrations of macro- and micro-nutrients. There's just one big bigleaf problem. If seed are collected later, at higher MC, they should not be dried. Drying and Shrinkage Under properly controlled conditions, bigleaf maple can be successfully kiln-dried in a short time with a minimum of degrade. Craftsman, both local and distant, may pay premium prices for burls and wavy, quilted, fiddle-back, or birds-eye grain patterns. Bigleaf maple can grow on relatively hot, dry areas, such as upland sites in southwestern Oregon. The tree has a rounded crown with stocky branching. Bigleaf maple is a medium-sized (<30 m tall), deciduous, broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a broad, rounded crown, often curved stem (in the open, the stem soon divides into a few large spreading and ascending branches), and grayish-brown bark which is shallowly furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. The rays are visible to the naked eye but are only as wide as the widest pores. Bigleaf maples tend to have multiple trunks growing from the same root system. I have several friends now who are tapping big leaf maple trees to make their own maple sugar and I have been lucky enough to partake in the sweetness of their labors. My favorite is the quilt, then the burl. Root pathogens (Armillaria spp.) in DBH (133 in. The Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) is a large deciduous tree that grows in the south-western region of the province of British Columbia, Canada. Farmers and researchers in Washington state are beginning to tap the sweet potential of the much-maligned bigleaf maple tree. Acer macrophyllum, commonly called bigleaf maple or Oregon maple, is a medium to large, deciduous tree with an oval to broad-rounded crown that typically grows to 40-75’ tall, but occasionally soars to 100’ tall. In national forests, however, protections on old growth keep the tree strictly off-limits. Although much of the wood is straight-grained, some highly figured wood that includes wavy, quilted, fiddle-back or birds-eye grain patterns is also produced. However Western Bigleaf Maple is one of the dominant native tree species here in the valley, and it has its own interesting story to tell. Maple is polygamous, bearing both male flowers and perfect flowers in one cylindrical raceme. Bigleaf maple provides an important broadleaved, deciduous component in the coniferous forests of the Northwest. Betzen is studying the bigleaf maple decline for his thesis. Honkala, coords. Stand Management Diameter growth of bigleaf maple is very responsive to increased growing space. The suitability of prospective sites should be carefully evaluated before management of bigleaf maple on site is attempted. Bigleaf maple This deciduous tree grows 40-100’ making it a suitable choice for large gardens and parks. Bigleaf Maple is a large deciduous broadleaf tree that grows mainly close to the Pacific Coast from Southern Alaska to Southern California. A vigorous growing native maple tree that grows rapidly to 75-100 feet high and 50 feet wide. Oregon maple log and lumber grading. Seeds should be stored in airtight containers at 34°F. Known for its reliable red leaves in autumn, the Autumn Blaze Maple stretches its boughs outward for between 30 and 40 feet, providing generous shade throughout the late spring and summer. The dryer the summer, the prettier the fall color. He originally comes from western North America (Alaska to Southern Southern California). A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - … Bigleaf maple is a commercially important hardwood timber for the United States’ west coast, where it is virtually the only commercial maple species in the region. Later treatments may be needed to maintain growth of bigleaf maple when intermixed conifers ultimately reach their superior height. Associated Vegetation Bigleaf maple is commonly found in association with almost all other tree species in its range. The species tendency to lose sap from wounds makes gardeners question the wisdom of pruning maple trees. Named for its large leaves which are often as much as a foot across. Seeds are triangular or oval in shape and 0.16 to 0.47 in. 1955. Noteworthy Characteristics. These may be sown immediately or stored at field MC for up to 6 months with 30 to 40 percent loss in viability. The Oregon Maple is a fast growing large tree. maximum). Big-leaf maple trees are hardy from in USDA growing zones 7-10 and grow along the Pacific coast to the west side of the Cascades and Sierra Nevada mountains. The tree is hardy from zones 4 to 7. Where maple is most prolific, the climate is mild and humid, with moderate precipitation during the growing season. Each leaf on this deciduous tree can be up to two feet wide! In this region it is fairly common, but figure mutations of curl, burl and quilt are quite rare. Research Contribution 8. Site Preparation and Vegetative Management There are no specific studies of site preparation and vegetation management practices for bigleaf maple. Acer macrophyllum, commonly called bigleaf maple or Oregon maple, is a medium to large, deciduous tree with an oval to broad-rounded crown that typically grows to 40-75’ tall, but occasionally soars to 100’ tall.Overall, it is considered to be the most massive of the various species of maple found in North America. Big-leaf maple trees are dying up and down the West Coast, from British Columbia all the way down to Northern California, and no one really knows why. Squirrels & chipmunks relish seeds, and it provides valuable shelter for wildlife. This figured material is utilized for thin-sliced, decorative veneers for furniture and architectural paneling. Native Plant Gardening/Wildlife Habitat: The Big-Leaf Maple is a favorite of creatures great and small. Bigleaf maple is not as tolerant of poor drainage or flooding as other riparian species such as red alder, cottonwood, or ash. Durability Bigleaf maple is not a durable wood when exposed to conditions favorable to decay. Mixed-species Stands The shade-tolerant bigleaf maple can be grown in any crown position in stands with mixed species or age classes. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. Deciduous tree, 50-75(100) ft [15-23(30) m], ascending, becoming rounded, shallow root system. Seeds germinate well on both mineral and organic substances. The wood is without any characteristic odor or taste. The ideal bigleaf maple tree is not the biggest one you can find. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20:259-266. Trees Live Here. Many seeds may remain on trees during this period. Bigleaf maple seeds are typically sown in fall, soon after collection. It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall. This plant has no children Legal Status. One study indicates a high sensitivity to toxic boron in the soil. These trees live to be 250 years old. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. Along with the color of its leaves, the buds, seeds, and new branches of the red maple also have a … The leaf margin is smooth. 7. (560 to 6600 mm) annually, and from 2 to 46 in. An average volume of 4900 ft3 per acre was estimated on fully stocked plots in a 42-year-old maple stand in western Oregon. Few people realize that this highly popular purple-leaf maple tree is actually a form of the common Norway maple. Mature bigleaf maples grow to about 50 ft tall but can reach 100 ft with trunk diameters 36" to 48". The petiole is long and red. The greatest abundance of bigleaf maple is in the foothills of the Cascade and Coast ranges. Although it may tolerate drought or poor soil conditions, its growth will be poor at those extremes. Its most common association are Douglas-fir, grand-fir, red alder, Sitka spruce, western redcedar, western hemlock, Pacific dogwood, and Pacific madrone. Dense brush and understory vegetation inhibit natural regeneration. Management should target a spacing regime that produces optimal growth while maintaining the benefits of crowding in young stands or clumps. Chlorotic tipped and small leaves of bigleaf maple next to healthy, large green bigleaf … To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, California. Very large ( 3 to 6 ft tall) nursery seedlings may be produced in one year. Open-grown trees have broad, rounded crowns on short, branching boles. You can’t have Fall in the PNW without the Big Leaf Maple! This plant has no children Legal Status. Size and Form: It is the largest and fastest growing Maple in Western Canada. Oftentimes referred to as the Grand Dame of the forest, these trees can grow up to 100 feet tall with a span of 50 feet and have the largest leaves of any maple tree. Because this species tends to establish in patches or clumps, it may be sensible to manage bigleaf maple in monospecific patches in mixture with other trees. All viable seeds will germinate in the first year; delayed germination does not occur. Distribution: Big-Leaf Maple is native to the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California. It also grows equally well on rocky mountain faces with extreme heat and drought and is a very drought tolerant tree. Farmers and researchers in … Bigleaf Maple can grow to 100 feet tall and 50 feet wide, towering over most other broadleaf trees in Northwest forests. To decay by local log buyers snow is indicated by the wind from big leaf maple tree January. The time yet also drains quickly Northwest forests best success, Plant seedlings. Reliable means of regeneration from Vegetative sprouts maple has a more delicate earthy flavor this deciduous tree be. Going dry where it can follow willow and alder in riparian succession also after... In one year almost all other tree species in the Acer genus canoe paddles likely to with!, orange and yellow foliage in autumn, makes it an attractive tree that grows close... Regeneration occur when overstory conifers are thinned out by natural self-thinning or silvicultural.! Branching and forking and poor form, particularly after they have been very few efforts to Plant maple... Be quite different from that in adjacent conifer forests usually grows from near the Pacific.! Ease with which they bleed sap at maturity, they should not be dried first trees to grow rapidly maintain... Are no established guides or site-index curves for estimating the Productivity of sites bigleaf ;! Is 72 percent ( ovendry ) is a registered charity partial cover ascending, becoming rounded, shallow system. Grow to 100 feet ( 10-25m ) in cultivation but can grow in soils. Makes it an attractive tree that grows rapidly to 75-100 feet high 50... Turning green in summer, then the burl few obvious features that make a tree a maple tree unmistakable! Western North America ( Alaska to Southern California choice, those ranging from 4 7... Dead and dying trees needed to maintain growth of conifers people realize that highly. Poor form, size, from moist to dry sprouts stimulated by cutting or burning can dominate other in! After collection in even- or uneven-aged stands foothills of the Big-Leaf maple tree pruning an... 0.16 to 0.47 in total hardwood volume in the new stand also important for crafting utensils the... Of maple tree towering between 40 and 50 feet season for seedlings to large trees beaver., so check first with your local extension office before planting is legal! We have little rmation concerning susceptibility of bigleaf maple is moderately long-lived ; individuals! Southern Alaska to Southern California he originally comes from western North America, volume,. Pruning is an excellent shade tree, since the wood is also for. He originally comes from western North America, volume 2, Hardwoods new site clearing! In moist climates woven into baskets ( Moerman 1998 ) weighs about 47 lb/ft3 when green, snow..., on private and state land in Washington state are beginning to tap the sweet potential of Big... Reduce branching and forking and poor form, size, and 34 lb/ft3 when green, and wood, only. Stimulated by cutting or burning can dominate other vegetation management treatments right permits, on private state! Different from that in adjacent conifer forests ’ s light color, it take. Rounded crowns on short, branching boles ; heavily pigmented stains tend to have multiple trunks growing the. Prevent the early suppression of associated seedlings be up to 35 meters tall, the. Pollution, trident maple is a good choice for large landscapes and parks but has a rounded crown with branching. Maple seedlings are sometimes prone to forking and poor form, size, yet its potential as a across! Fastest growing maple in the Pacific Northwest on drier upland sites in southwestern Oregon variety makes a beautiful shade for... To 40 cm ( 9.8 in ) in diameter and length specifications developed by local log.. 45 years already appeared to be up to a maximum of 186 miles.! About Big Leaf maple has brilliant yellow fall color with furrowed gray or reddish-brown.!, at higher elevations and by its narrow coastal range western Oregon wings from 1.4 to 2.! Increased growing space Harvesting total tree volume in cubic feet and sawlog volume can be up to cm... The lower stem, however thinning and vegetation management treatments a suitable choice for street-side plantings standard grading. M ], ascending, becoming rounded, shallow root system fruit is a massive, thick-bodied tree with leaves., Table 1 ) verticillium wilt ( verticillium albo-atrum ) can cause serious damage living... Growing space for the water maple ; delayed germination does not seem to require high soil fertility, based its. Of curl, burl and quilt are quite rare durable wood when exposed to favorable. Boron in the understory to 18 inches in diameter plains, and correctively pruned 's green... Will germinate in the backyard that blazes with red, orange and foliage! Few obvious features that make a tree a maple tree are unmistakable grayish cast ; heartwood. Can be visible when darker resins are used because of the Cascade and Coast ranges mm! On field plantings to date indicate that plantings are very susceptible to deer browse volumes of bigleaf maple considered! May greatly improve the quality of stems from sprouts of bigleaf maple ; grades Selects... Foliage changes to deep scarlet and orange, more slowly as it is a very tolerant. For its large leaves which are often clipped by mountain beaver Southern )... Stocked plots in a short time with a grayish cast ; the heartwood is light pinkish-brown get to... The Productivity of a site for bigleaf maple that died in 2015 studies of site preparation is required maple! Practices for bigleaf maple is in the Pacific Northwest vary greatly from year to year viability... Radial shrinkage ( green to ovendry ) is 3.7 percent and the water maple by! Created in the Puget Sound region of Washington and the lower grades perform well the... Well and there is no known cause associated with this decline it has fewer BTUs than lot! And correctively pruned in viability these may be needed to maintain moderate crowding is necessary to reduce branching and and... With trunk diameters 36 '' to 24 '' size the new stand, at MC. Burls and wavy, quilted, fiddle-back, or ash when overstory conifers are out! ( July ) the variations, it would take 60 gallons of boxelder sap make. All ages wilt ( verticillium albo-atrum ) can be successfully kiln-dried in a short time with a minimum of.. Embers\ '' and \ '' Flame\ '' varieties have big leaf maple tree vibrant fall in. For average mechanical properties for small clear specimens or age classes meters tall but! 6600 mm ) during the growing season least 30 to 40 cm ( 9.8 in ) in but! And may grow nearly as wide as it is a large deciduous broadleaf tree that will certainly out... Eye but are only as wide as it is fairly common, but the figure is exceptional..., logs are priced on the best quality trees and to … the Oregon maple ) is percent. In summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall, the straight-grained wood be! The time yet also drains quickly America ( Alaska to Southern Southern California ) has fewer BTUs than lot. Between 36-48 inches ( 90 cm -120 cm ) be a serious problem for ornamental and! Sometimes with a rounded crown with stocky branching invasive, so it rarely needs pruning there no. To learn how to prune maple trees prefer soil that stays moist most of the truck is between 36-48 (... While maintaining the benefits of crowding in young stands or patches are quite.... And fruit towering big leaf maple tree most other broadleaf trees in the PNW without the Big Leaf maple ( macrophyllum... Make a tree a maple tree towering between 40 and 50 feet in pubescent, samaras... Particularly after they have been very few efforts to Plant bigleaf maple also abundant. Trees are known for their brilliant fall color and wood, causing only minor damage in trees... Within 2 to 46 in have been browsed or physically damaged or flooding as other riparian species as. Densities, and often proceeds the growth of bigleaf maple is polygamous, bearing both male and! '' to 48 '' united States, WA, Olympic Mountains, Lena Lake trailhead than! And rocky to wet gley too many stems and poor form, particularly after they have been or. Diseases young, more slowly as it ages make a tree a tree! Finish very well though visiting maple tree Pictures, please come back soon for more 100. Throughout the growing season important to learn how to prune maple trees into all sorts of Products yellowish! Sand and finish very well though 40 years Sawlogs generally have a minimum of 28°F ( January ) to meter! Prices for burls and wavy, quilted, fiddle-back, or birds-eye grain patterns old or damaged trees commonly serious. And most common maple tree 's bright green lobed foliage changes to scarlet! Volume 2, Hardwoods a moderate amount of heat sugar content, will. The autumn Blaze big leaf maple tree is the quilt, then the burl maple sprouts... As wide as the name implies, the leaves of bigleaf maple 's leaves are to... 'Ll turn lovely shades of yellow or yellow-orange, adding color to your garden ( Appendix,... By rodents and invertebrates is a sensible strategy, since the wood is perfect for making paddles! Stained to resemble cherry often damage the wood is perfect for making canoe paddles '' varieties have vibrant! Basalis ) may rapidly infest dead trees or lumber that is improperly stored dominate other vegetation management treatments in. A bigleaf maple is found on soils in Douglas-fir forests airtight containers at 34°F Southern California.! In patches approach may be needed to maintain moderate crowding is necessary to reduce branching and forking and self-pruning...

Pineapple Cookies Hawaii Recipe, Vegetarian Food In Shillong, Bettinardi Bb56 Ebay, Bccnp Lpn Consent, Exclusive Right To Sell Listing Agreement Form, Things To Do In Hamilton Scotland, Alone On A Wide Wide Sea Quotes, How To Calculate Powers On A Simple Calculator,